Electronic transfer of healthcare information is governed by a set of standards laid down in the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) of 1996. Some of the specific electronic transactions that were covered under the Act included explanation of benefits and insurance payments, verification of patient eligibility, referrals and prior authorization of patients, patient visit information and inquiries relating to claim status.
The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) is a set of viable guidelines that dictate the security of health information which is stored/ transmitted via an electronic medium.
These guidelines are subject to change in a timely fashion and the medical practitioners ought to keep themselves updated with these changes and ensure that their billing is compliant with the HIPAA security standards.
The risk of personal identifiable information falling into the wrong hands or even finding its way into the public domain is a fear that we constantly live with, in this age of digital records and internet. We saw the reality of this fear when personally identifiable information of about 80 million individuals was potentially exposed by the data breach at Anthem.